First of all, the Ukrainian government should be leading the charge against the separatists for the downing of the Malaysian airliner MH17. However, their army is in no position to take any military action. They can't even secure the crash site. While the separatists are receiving weapons and training from Russia, the Ukrainian army is receiving no such support from either NATO/Europe or the United States. To date, the U.S. has only supplied peripheral support such as sleeping bags, some medical supplies, meals-ready-to-eat, and night vision goggles. Obama will never supply weapons because he is, first and foremost, an anti-war President. To supply the Ukraine, as silly as it seems, would be to promote war in that country. This is the reason he hasn't provided the non-ISIS rebels with weapons in their fight against Bashar al-Assad.
Secondly, Europe and NATO won't act to assist the Ukrainian government because, to do so, might cause Putin to take economic action against Europe by cutting off oil and gas supplies. Russia supplies nearly 40% of their natural gas and a third of its total oil requirements.
Finally, The United Nations and its Security Council are impotent in their ability to take action against either Russia or the Ukrainian separatists because Russia (Putin) has veto power and that power would effectively kill any resolutions or military actions that may be proposed by other members of the Council.
The bottom line is that Putin is in the catbird seat when it comes to the Ukraine. He knows that Obama and the Europeans won't act against him and his goal of reconstituting the U.S.S.R. Ultimately, he will annex the Ukraine; just as he was able to annex Crimea. Unless, the world wakes up and takes decisive actions, his ambitions of a stronger and larger Russian superpower will resurface.
Russia in the European energy sector: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia_in_the_European_energy_sector