Last week, on Equal Pay Day, Hillary Clinton trotted out her consistently false claim that women only make 77 cents on the dollar when compared to men. Seriously? Does anyone really think that employers across this nation are underpaying women by 23% and, by doing so, are in direct violation of the federal law entitled the Equal Pay Act of 1963? And, further, those employers are doing it right under the noses of the very federal agency, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which is tasked with insuring that pay discrimination doesn't exist on the basis gender, race, age, or religion. If pay discrimination by sex was so prevalent in this nation, why is it that the EEOC only litigated 26,396 sex discrimination cases last year, of which, only 29.5% were charged as violations of the law. By Hillary's way of thinking, there should have been millions of cases, with most of them found guilty of discrimination; not just 29.5%.
Here's the truth.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in its latest annual report for 2014 titled Highlights of Women's Earnings, women made an average of 83 cents on the dollar when compared to men; up from 82 cents and 81 cents in 2013 and 2012, respectively. So, one has to wonder where Hillary got the 77 cents number which she has been repeating for years. Now, you have to understand that this number is an aggregate total of women's wages across all professions that women work in, compared to the aggregate total of wages across all the professions that men work in.
The simple truth is that men gravitate to higher paying jobs while women gravitate towards lower paying jobs. For example, the Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor, reports that, of the leading 20 jobs held by women, 96% of secretaries are women. Additionally, women hold 84% of clerk positions; 95% of childcare workers; 71% of waiter/waitresses; and 89% of maids and housekeepers. On the other hand, women only make up 12% to 39% of high paying jobs in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; otherwise known as STEM jobs. Just 36% of women hold a Master of Business Administration (MBA). A graduate degree that is both highly prized by businesses and well compensated.
Also, there are additional factors that can lower a woman's pay. For example, women who leave the workforce to raise a family, and then, years later return, will see their pay lowered. This is why on Table 1 of the "Highlights" report (linked below) and before age 35, women earn 91 cents compared to men. After 35, the number drops to 81 cents. But, for women "Never Married", the comparative number is high at 94 cents. This is also why nearly 80% of part time workers are women, enabling them to still take care of their families while earning additional wages. Women also work 52 minutes less per workday than men, and for hourly workers, this represents a 12% drop in average incomes.
The issue here is that Hillary wants women to think they are all victims and, as such, she would be the perfect candidate to take on wage discrimination. But, unless Hillary can force women to work more hours, seek higher degrees, higher paying jobs, and stop raising families, zero income inequality isn't going to happen. So, women! Don't look at the guy working right next to you and think he's making 23% more than you are. It's a just a political lie!
2016: Equal Pay Day: Hillary Clinton praises members of US women’s football team who are suing for equal pay: A woman in the US earns 77 cents for every dollar that a man makes, on
broad average, and women of ethnic minorities earn much less:http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-elections/equal-pay-day-hillary-clinton-praises-megan-rapinoe-women-football-players-suing-for-equal-pay-a6981046.html
2007: Last month, Sen. Hillary Clinton expressed consternation that women continue to make "just 77 cents for every dollar that a man makes": http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/02/AR2007040201262.html
Equal Pay Act of 1963 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal_Pay_Act_of_1963
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission - Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal_Employment_Opportunity_Commission
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: https://www.eeoc.gov/
Enforcement & Litigation Statistics: https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/enforcement/charges.cfm
Women's Bureau: 20 Leading Occupations of Employed Women 2010 Annual Averages (employment in thousands): http://www.dol.gov/wb/factsheets/20lead2010_txt.htm
Highlights of women’s earnings in 2014: http://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/womens-earnings/archive/highlights-of-womens-earnings-in-2014.pdf
Time spent working by full- and part-time status, gender, and location in 2014: http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2015/time-spent-working-by-full-and-part-time-status-gender-and-location-in-2014.htm
The Gender Scorecard for Business Schools: http://poetsandquants.com/2015/05/02/a-gender-scorecard-for-business-schools/
Women Still Underrepresented in STEM Fields: http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/10/21/women-still-underrepresented-in-stem-fields