Time and time again, when I listen to John Kasich, he is simply factually incorrect. For example, in a recent stump speech, he said small businesses creates most of the jobs in this country (see lengthy video link below). The problem is that was only true when I took economics in the 1970's. Ever since then, large businesses such as Target, Wal-Mart, Home Depot, etc. have been the primary job creators in America; often at the expense of many small businesses. For example, the following chart prepared from the Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows that most of the job creation and employment had come from large companies over the 21-year period from 1990 to 2011.
When someone starts a small business, generally only a few jobs are created. For example, if someone starts a Karate instruction school or a tanning salon, usually, the owner is the only employee. Even if the business grows over time, maybe only one or two instructors or salon employees will be added over time. However, when Wal-Mart opens a super-center, more than 300 people are instantly employed. A single McDonalds would add more than 60 workers.
There is another problem with small businesses: The rate of failure. In the first year, one in every four new businesses fail. By year four, 50% of new businesses will have been kicked to the curb, and by the end of 10 years, only 29% of new businesses will be left standing. In other words, 71% of the jobs created by small businesses will be gone at the end of 10 years.
The biggest reason for failure (49%) is incompetence; with an additional 30% due to the lack of managerial experience. With this in mind, I would really like to know what steps Kasich could take to somehow legislate human failings out of existence and minimize job losses at the small business level.
The reality, is that the focus of job creation should be providing a better environment for large corporations. Lower our world's highest corporate tax rate. Minimize or eliminate international trade barriers. Allow corporations to return the more than $2 trillion in overseas profits that are just parked there to avoid paying additional U.S. taxes. This way, instead of using that money to build their businesses in other countries, those profits would be a major cash infusion into our own economy. Lastly, we have to improve our educational system so that we don't have to import millions of workers to fill high-paying, science-technology-engineering-math (STEM) jobs through the work visa programs.
Video: Kasich: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cA9BTE4fJxs
Chart Source: Getting Straight on Small Business Job Creation: Firms vs. Establishments: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jared-bernstein/small-business-job-creation_b_1685869.html
Startup Business Failure Statistics: http://www.statisticbrain.com/startup-failure-by-industry/
Big U.S. firms hold $2.1 trillion overseas to avoid taxes: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-tax-offshore-idUSKCN0S008U20151006
37 percent of Silicon Valley foreign-born: http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/37-percent-of-silicon-valley-foreign-born/article/2583195